Use These Strategies for Impartial Decision Making

Learn how to make unbiased decisions by using these proven strategies. Improve your decision-making skills today!


Decision-making is an integral part of our daily lives, whether it’s choosing what to have for breakfast or making important life-altering choices. However, the quality of our decisions can greatly impact our personal and professional lives. It is essential to strive for impartial decision-making to ensure fairness, accuracy, and minimize the influence of personal biases.

Improving decision-making skills requires a conscious effort to approach situations with an open and unbiased mindset. By adopting strategies that promote impartial decision-making, individuals can make more rational and well-informed choices based on objective criteria rather than subjective biases.

In this article, we will explore various strategies that can contribute to making more impartial decisions. These strategies include gathering relevant information, identifying and evaluating biases, considering multiple perspectives, utilizing decision-making frameworks, and taking time for deliberate reflection and analysis. By incorporating these strategies into our decision-making process, we can enhance the quality and effectiveness of our choices. Let’s dive deeper into each strategy and understand how to apply them in practice.

Strategy 1: Gather Relevant Information

Making unbiased decisions requires a thorough understanding of the situation at hand. Gathering relevant information is the first and crucial step in this process. Without adequate information, you risk making decisions based on assumptions or incomplete data. To ensure you have all the necessary facts, consider the following strategies:

Identify the information you need

Start by clearly identifying the information you need to make an informed decision. Break down the problem or situation into its key components and determine what kind of data and facts are necessary to evaluate each component. This will help you focus your efforts on gathering the most relevant information.

Determine reliable sources

Next, identify reliable sources of information that can provide you with accurate and objective data. Look for reputable publications, research studies, and experts in the field who have a track record of providing reliable information. Be wary of biased sources or those with a vested interest in the outcome of your decision.

Use a variety of sources

It’s important to consult a variety of sources to gather a well-rounded and unbiased perspective. Avoid relying solely on a single source or viewpoint, as this can lead toconfirmation bias, where you seek out information that supports your pre-existing beliefs. Consider consulting different publications, experts, or conducting interviews to gather different perspectives on the issue.

Analyze and evaluate the information

Once you have gathered the necessary information, analyze and evaluate it critically. Assess the credibility of the sources and the quality of the data. Look for any potential biases or conflicts of interest. Consider the reliability of the information and whether it is supported by multiple sources or data points.

Fill in any gaps

If you find that there are gaps in your knowledge or information, take steps to fill them. This may involve conducting additional research, seeking out expert opinions, or considering alternative viewpoints. Be proactive in seeking out information that can address any uncertainties or unknowns.

Keep an open mind

Throughout the information-gathering process, it’s essential to keep an open mind and remain receptive to new ideas and perspectives. Avoid clinging to preconceived notions or letting personal biases influence your interpretation of the information. Stay curious and open to learning, even if it challenges your existing beliefs or assumptions.

By following these strategies, you can ensure that you gather all the relevant information needed to make impartial decisions. Remember, sound decision-making is built on a foundation of accurate and comprehensive information.

Strategy 2: Identify and Evaluate Biases

Biases are inherent in human thinking and can significantly impact decision-making. Identifying and evaluating biases is crucial in order to make impartial decisions. Here are some common biases to be aware of:

Confirmation Bias

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms one’s existing beliefs or biases. This can lead to ignoring or dismissing evidence that contradicts our preconceived notions. To identify confirmation bias, it is important to actively seek out information that challenges our beliefs and to consider alternative perspectives.

Availability Heuristic

The availability heuristic is a mental shortcut where judgments are made based on how easily relevant examples and information come to mind. This can lead to relying on readily available information rather than considering the full range of evidence. To evaluate the impact of availability heuristic, it is important to critically assess the quality and relevance of the information that comes to mind and to actively seek out additional sources of data.

Anchoring Bias

The anchoring bias occurs when individuals rely too heavily on the first piece of information they receive when making decisions. This initial piece of information, or the “anchor,” influences subsequent judgments even if it is irrelevant or arbitrary. To mitigate the anchoring bias, it is important to consciously challenge the initial reference point and consider a wide range of options.

Overconfidence Bias

Overconfidence bias refers to the tendency to be overly confident in one’s own abilities, knowledge, and judgments. This can result in disregarding valuable input from others or underestimating the complexity of a decision. To evaluate the overconfidence bias, it is important to assess the accuracy of one’s own judgments and seek feedback from others.


Groupthink occurs when a group’s desire for harmony or conformity leads to an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome. This bias can stifle dissenting opinions and prevent critical evaluation of alternatives. To recognize groupthink, it is important to encourage diverse perspectives within a group and create an environment that values open and constructive discussion.

To evaluate biases in decision-making, it is important to develop self-awareness. Reflecting on past decisions and seeking feedback from others can help identify recurring patterns of biased thinking. Additionally, engaging in critical thinking, asking probing questions, and considering alternative perspectives are effective strategies for evaluating biases.

By actively identifying and evaluating biases, decision-makers can strive for impartiality, leading to more informed and effective decision-making. It is an ongoing process that requires constant vigilance and self-reflection. Remember, impartial decision-making leads to better outcomes and a more equitable and just society.

“The first step towards securing impartiality in your decision-making is to recognize the biases influencing your judgments.” - Daniel Kahneman

Next, let’s explore the third strategy: Consider Multiple Perspectives.

Strategy 3: Consider Multiple Perspectives

When making decisions, it is crucial to consider multiple perspectives in order to ensure impartiality and make well-informed choices. By taking the time to understand and appreciate different viewpoints, we can gain valuable insights, challenge our own biases, and make more balanced decisions.

The importance of considering different viewpoints

Considering multiple perspectives allows us to have a more comprehensive understanding of a situation. It helps us uncover blind spots and biases that we may not be aware of, and opens our minds to alternative ways of thinking. By actively seeking out and considering diverse opinions, we can gain a broader perspective and make decisions that are fair and inclusive.

Ways to actively seek out and understand diverse opinions

  1. Engage in active listening: Actively listening involves giving your full attention to others, without interrupting or immediately offering your own thoughts. This allows you to fully understand the other person’s perspective and encourages open dialogue.

  2. Seek out diverse sources of information: It is important to expose yourself to different viewpoints by reading articles, books, and opinions from various sources. Consider news outlets, social media platforms, and podcasts that present different perspectives on the same issue.

  3. Engage in constructive conversations: Have discussions with people who hold different opinions from yours. Seek out individuals who have different backgrounds, experiences, and beliefs, and engage in respectful and open-minded conversations. This can help broaden your understanding and challenge your existing biases.

  4. Practice empathy: Put yourself in the shoes of others and try to understand their thoughts, feelings, and motivations. Empathy allows us to connect with others on a deeper level and consider their perspectives with compassion and understanding.

The value of listening and empathizing with others’ perspectives

Listening and empathizing with others’ perspectives has several benefits when it comes to decision-making.

  1. Fosters creativity: Considering multiple perspectives can spark creative thinking and innovative solutions. When we take the time to understand different viewpoints, we can integrate diverse ideas and come up with more robust and effective solutions.

  2. Enhances problem-solving: By considering different perspectives, we can identify potential challenges and solutions that we may have overlooked. Engaging in dialogue with others and actively listening to their experiences and insights can help us find novel approaches to problem-solving.

  3. Reduces bias: When we only rely on our own perspectives, we are more likely to be influenced by our own biases. By actively seeking out and considering diverse opinions, we can challenge our biases and make more objective decisions.

  4. Strengthens relationships: Actively listening and empathizing with others’ perspectives fosters understanding and respect. This, in turn, builds stronger relationships and promotes collaboration, both of which are essential for making informed and effective decisions.

In conclusion, considering multiple perspectives is a key strategy for impartial decision-making. By actively seeking out diverse opinions, engaging in active listening, and practicing empathy, we can gain a broader understanding of a situation, challenge our biases, and make well-informed and fair decisions. By incorporating this strategy into our decision-making process, we can ensure that our choices are more inclusive, balanced, and effective.

Strategy 4: Utilize Decision-Making Frameworks

One effective way to make impartial decisions is by utilizing decision-making frameworks. These frameworks provide structure and objectivity, helping to minimize biases and ensure a thorough analysis of the decision at hand. Below are some popular decision-making frameworks that can be applied to various decision-making scenarios.

1. Decision Matrix

A decision matrix is a simple yet powerful tool that allows you to compare and evaluate different options based on multiple criteria. It involves creating a matrix with the options as rows and the criteria as columns. Each option is then evaluated and ranked based on the importance of each criterion. By assigning weights to the criteria, the decision matrix can help prioritize options and facilitate an unbiased comparison.

Example of a Decision Matrix:

Options Criterion 1 Criterion 2 Criterion 3 Total Score
Option A 4 3 5 12
Option B 5 4 3 12
Option C 3 5 4 12

2. Pros and Cons Analysis

A pros and cons analysis involves listing the advantages and disadvantages of each option under consideration. By systematically evaluating the positives and negatives of each option, you can gain a clearer understanding of the potential benefits and drawbacks. This analysis helps to minimize biases as you objectively weigh the pros and cons based on your own values and priorities.

Example of a Pros and Cons Analysis:

Option A:

  • Pros: Cost-effective, easily implementable
  • Cons: Lower quality, limited functionality

Option B:

  • Pros: Higher quality, more functionality
  • Cons: Expensive, longer implementation time

3. Cost-Benefit Analysis

A cost-benefit analysis involves assessing the advantages and disadvantages of each option in monetary terms. By quantifying the costs and benefits, this framework helps to objectively compare different options. The decision-maker assigns a monetary value to each cost and benefit and calculates the net result. This analysis helps in making informed decisions by considering both the financial and non-financial aspects.

Example of a Cost-Benefit Analysis:

Option A:

  • Costs: $10,000
  • Benefits: $15,000
  • Net Result: $5,000 (Benefits - Costs)

Option B:

  • Costs: $12,000
  • Benefits: $18,000
  • Net Result: $6,000 (Benefits - Costs)

4. SWOT Analysis

A SWOT analysis assesses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of each option. It involves identifying the internal and external factors that may impact the decision. By analyzing the strengths and weaknesses, you can evaluate the internal capabilities of each option. Additionally, by considering opportunities and threats, you can assess the external factors that may affect the decision. This framework helps to increase objectivity by considering both the internal and external aspects.

Example of a SWOT Analysis:

Option A:

  • Strengths: Established brand reputation
  • Weaknesses: Limited product range
  • Opportunities: Emerging market demand
  • Threats: Intense competition

Option B:

  • Strengths: Wide product range
  • Weaknesses: High production costs
  • Opportunities: Untapped international market
  • Threats: Economic uncertainties

5. Six Thinking Hats

The Six Thinking Hats is a decision-making technique developed by Edward de Bono. It involves separating thinking into six distinct modes, each represented by a different colored “hat”. By consciously switching between these modes, you can explore different perspectives and consider multiple viewpoints. This technique encourages impartiality by fostering a well-rounded and objective analysis of the decision.

The Six Thinking Hats:

  • White Hat: Focuses on facts, data, and information
  • Red Hat: Considers emotions, intuition, and gut feelings
  • Black Hat: Identifies potential risks, challenges, and downsides
  • Yellow Hat: Emphasizes benefits, advantages, and positive aspects
  • Green Hat: Encourages creative thinking, new ideas, and alternatives
  • Blue Hat: Facilitates process control, organization, and summarization

Utilizing decision-making frameworks can greatly enhance your ability to make impartial decisions. By applying these frameworks to your decision-making process, you can minimize biases, consider multiple perspectives, and arrive at well-informed and objective choices.

Strategy 5: Take Time for Deliberation

Taking the necessary time for deliberation is a crucial strategy for making impartial decisions. Rushing into a decision without careful thought and consideration can often lead to biased outcomes. By taking the time to reflect and weigh different options, individuals can increase the likelihood of making more fair and unbiased decisions.

The Concept of Deliberate Decision-Making

Deliberate decision-making refers to the process of intentionally slowing down and giving careful consideration to all the factors at play before reaching a conclusion. This involves taking the time to examine all available information, evaluating different perspectives, and considering potential biases. Deliberation allows for a more comprehensive understanding of the situation, leading to more informed and impartial decision-making.

Benefits of Deliberation

  1. Greater clarity: Deliberation provides an opportunity to clear one’s mind and gain clarity on the decision at hand. By stepping back and taking time to think, individuals can better understand their own preferences and priorities, helping them make decisions that align with their values.

  2. Reduced bias: Rushed decision-making is often influenced by biases and heuristics. When we take the time to deliberate, we can identify and challenge these biases, allowing for a more objective analysis of the situation. By considering a variety of perspectives and information, we can reduce the influence of personal biases on the decision-making process.

  3. Improved problem-solving: Deliberation allows for a more systematic approach to problem-solving. It provides an opportunity to break down complex issues into smaller, more manageable parts, facilitating a more analytical evaluation. By carefully weighing the pros and cons of different alternatives, one can arrive at a more logical and well-structured decision.

  4. Enhanced creativity: Taking time for deliberation allows for the exploration of a wider range of possibilities and solutions. By considering different perspectives and gathering more information, individuals can tap into their creativity and generate innovative ideas. Deliberation creates an environment that fosters original thinking and promotes out-of-the-box approaches to problem-solving.

Strategies for Effective Deliberation

  1. Set aside dedicated time: Allocate specific time for deliberation, free from distractions. Find a quiet and comfortable space where you can focus solely on the decision at hand. This dedicated time will ensure that you are fully present and able to engage in thoughtful reflection.

  2. Create a decision-making process: Develop a structured decision-making process that allows for thorough deliberation. This can include steps such as gathering information, evaluating alternatives, consulting with others, and reflecting on personal values and priorities. Having a well-defined process helps ensure that all relevant factors are taken into account.

  3. Seek input from others: Engage in discussions with people who have diverse perspectives and expertise related to the decision. Actively seek out different opinions and listen with an open mind. Incorporating a variety of viewpoints into the deliberation process can help challenge assumptions and uncover blind spots.

  4. Consider the long-term implications: Deliberation should not be limited to short-term considerations. Take the time to think about the potential long-term impacts and consequences of each alternative. Evaluating the pros and cons from a broader perspective will enable a more holistic assessment of the decision.

  5. Use decision-support tools: Utilize decision-making frameworks and tools to aid in the deliberation process. Models such as cost-benefit analysis, the SWOT analysis, or the decision matrix can provide a systematic approach to evaluating options and determining the best course of action. These tools can help structure the decision-making process, making it more objective and transparent.

Avoiding Analysis Paralysis

While it is important to take time for deliberation, it is equally important to avoid falling into the trap of analysis paralysis. Overthinking and excessive analysis can lead to decision-making paralysis, delaying the decision or causing unnecessary stress. To prevent analysis paralysis, consider the following strategies:

  1. Set a deadline: Determine a reasonable timeline for reaching a decision. Having a specific deadline creates a sense of urgency and helps prevent prolonged deliberation.

  2. Focus on key factors: Identify the most critical factors that will significantly impact the decision. Prioritize information and analysis on those factors, rather than getting caught up in trivial details that may not significantly influence the outcome.

  3. Evaluate the risks of inaction: Consider the potential risks of delaying the decision-making process. Assess whether the benefits of further deliberation outweigh the risks of not taking action promptly. This can help prevent excessive deliberation when time is of the essence.

  4. Trust your instincts: While thoughtful deliberation is essential, it is also important to trust your intuition and gut feelings. Sometimes, our subconscious mind has processed the information and can guide us towards the right decision. Listen to your instincts while considering the logical and analytical aspects of the decision.

  5. Learn from the process: Regardless of the outcome, view the deliberation process as a learning opportunity. Reflect on the decision-making process itself and identify areas for improvement. Each decision provides a chance to enhance your decision-making skills and become more adept at making impartial choices in the future.

By incorporating the strategy of taking time for deliberation into decision-making processes, individuals can enhance their ability to make impartial decisions. Deliberation helps to reduce bias, enhance problem-solving, and promote creativity. With proper strategies and techniques, deliberation can be an effective approach to improving decision-making skills and achieving more favorable outcomes.


In conclusion, impartial decision making is crucial for both personal and professional success. By implementing the strategies discussed in this article, individuals can improve their decision-making skills and reduce the impact of biases on their judgment.

By gathering relevant information, individuals can ensure that their decisions are based on solid facts and data. This includes considering multiple sources and perspectives to obtain a well-rounded view of the situation. Evaluating biases, both in oneself and others, is also vital for making impartial decisions. By becoming aware of common biases and using techniques to identify and evaluate them, individuals can make more objective choices.

Considering multiple perspectives is another essential strategy for impartial decision making. Actively seeking out and understanding diverse opinions helps prevent tunnel vision and encourages a more comprehensive analysis of the situation. Listening and empathizing with others’ perspectives can lead to more inclusive and thoughtful decision-making.

Utilizing decision-making frameworks provides structure and objectivity to the decision-making process. By using popular frameworks and models, individuals can approach decisions with a systematic approach, reducing the influence of personal biases.

Taking time for deliberate decision making is also important. Rushed decisions often result in poor outcomes, while allowing time for reflection and weighing options allows for a more thoughtful and informed choice. Managing time effectively and implementing strategies to avoid rushed decisions can significantly improve decision-making skills.

In summary, impartial decision making is critical for making informed and objective choices. By implementing the strategies discussed in this article, individuals can improve their decision-making skills and make more impartial decisions. By considering multiple perspectives, utilizing decision-making frameworks, and taking the time for deliberate decision making, individuals can enhance their ability to make impartial decisions with positive outcomes.

Remember, improving decision-making skills is an ongoing process, and it requires practice and continuous learning. By implementing the strategies discussed in this article consistently, individuals can continue to improve their decision-making skills over time.

Additional Resources

For more information on decision-making and impartiality, consider exploring the following resources:

  • Book: “Thinking, Fast and Slow” by Daniel Kahneman
  • Article: “How to Make Better Decisions” by the Harvard Business Review
  • Website:

Explore these resources to gain a deeper understanding of decision-making dynamics and learn additional strategies for improving impartial decision making.

Additional Resources

Here is a list of recommended books, articles, and websites that can provide further insights and guidance on decision-making and impartiality.


  • “Thinking, Fast and Slow” by Daniel Kahneman
    This book explores the intricacies of decision-making and how our thinking processes can be influenced by biases. Kahneman, a Nobel laureate in economics, presents decades of research in a compelling and accessible way.

  • “Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness” by Richard H. Thaler and Cass R. Sunstein
    Thaler and Sunstein delve into the concept of “nudging” and how it can help individuals and organizations make better choices. The book offers practical strategies for designing choice architecture that promotes unbiased decision-making.

  • “Predictably Irrational: The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions” by Dan Ariely
    Ariely examines the irrational behaviors that influence our decision-making processes. Through experiments and real-life examples, he sheds light on the psychological biases that underlie our choices.


  • “The Power of Perspective: How Multiple Views Can Enhance Decision-Making”
    This article discusses the importance of considering multiple perspectives in decision-making and how it can lead to better outcomes. It provides practical tips on how to integrate diverse viewpoints into the decision-making process.

  • “8 Common Biases That Can Cloud Judgment”
    This article identifies and explains eight common biases that can hinder impartial decision-making. It offers suggestions on how to recognize and mitigate these biases to make more informed choices.


  • Decision Lab
    Decision Lab is an online resource that provides decision-making tools, frameworks, and case studies. It offers a range of resources to help individuals develop their decision-making skills and overcome bias.

  • Nobel Prize - Economic Sciences
    The Nobel Prize website provides access to the awarded works related to decision-making and behavioral economics. It offers a comprehensive collection of research papers and insights from Nobel laureates in economics.

  • TED Talks
    TED Talks features a wide range of thought-provoking talks on decision-making, cognitive biases, and related topics. Speakers from various disciplines share their perspectives and expertise, providing valuable insights into the complexities of decision-making.

Remember, improving decision-making skills and cultivating impartiality is an ongoing process. These resources can serve as a starting point for further exploration and learning.